Thursday, August 9, 2012

WATCH LONDON OLYMPIC 2012 HD video coverage on pc


"2012 Olympics" redirects here. For the Winter Youth Olympics, see 2012 Winter Youth Olympics.

"London 2012" redirects here. For the video game, see London 2012 (video game). For the Paralympic Games, see 2012 Summer Paralympics.

The 2012 Summer Olympic Games, officially the Games of the XXX Olympiad,[2] also known informally as London 2012, began in London, United Kingdom on 27 July and will continue until 12 August 2012. The first event, the group stages in women's football, began two days earlier, on 25 July.[3][4] More than 10,000 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are expected to participate.[5]

Following a bid headed by former Olympic champion Sebastian Coe and then-Mayor of LondonKen Livingstone, London was selected as the host city on 6 July 2005 during the 117thIOC Session in Singapore, defeating bids from Moscow, New York City, Madrid and Paris.[6] London is the first city to officially host the modern Olympic Games three times,[7][8] having previously done so in 1908 and in 1948.[9][10]

Construction in preparation for the Games involved considerable redevelopment, particularly themed towards sustainability.[11] The main focus is a new 200 hectares (490 acres) Olympic Park, constructed on a former industrial site at Stratford, East London.[12] The Games also make use of venues which were already in place before the bid.[13]

Main article: Bids for the 2012 Summer Olympics

By 15 July 2003, the deadline for interested cities to submit bids to the International Olympic Committee (IOC), nine cities had submitted bids to host the 2012 Summer Olympics. These cities were Havana, Istanbul, Leipzig, London, Madrid, Moscow, New York City, Paris and Rio de Janeiro.[14]

Since the United Kingdom hosted the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, three bids had been made for a British city to host the Summer Olympics – Birmingham for the 1992 Games and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000 Games. Preliminary planning for a possible London bid for the 2012 Olympics began in 1997.[15] The United Kingdom had successfully hosted the 1996 UEFA European Football Championships and the 2002 Commonwealth Games which regenerated a large part of east Manchester - both events satisfied the IOC that the United Kingdom as a whole could host large sporting events and generated impetus for the country to have a Golden Decade of sport.[16]

A London 2012 Olympics banner at the Monument in London

Then-Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, said his primary motivation for initiating and lobbying for the city's bid was to develop the East End of London, neglected for over thirty years.[17] On 18 May 2004, the IOC, as a result of a scored technical evaluation, reduced the number of cities to five: London, Madrid, Moscow, New York and Paris.[18]

All five cities submitted their candidate files by 19 November 2004, and were visited by the IOC inspection team during February and March 2005. The Paris bid suffered two setbacks during the IOC inspection visit: a number of strikes and demonstrations coinciding with the visits, and a report that one of the key members of the Paris bid team would face charges over alleged corrupt party political finances.[19]

On 6 June 2005, the IOC released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities. Although these reports did not contain any scores or rankings, the evaluation report for Paris was considered the most positive, followed closely by London, which had narrowed most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in 2004 regarding Paris. New York and Madrid also received very positive evaluation reports.[20]

Lord Coe, the head of the London 2012 bid

Throughout the process, Paris was widely seen as the favourite to win the nomination, particularly as this was its third bid in recent history. Originally London was seen as lagging Paris by a considerable margin; however, the situation began to improve with the appointment of Lord Coe as new head of London 2012 on 19 May 2004.[21]

In late August 2004, reports predicted a London and Paris tie in the 2012 bid.[22] In the final run-up to the 117th IOC Session, London and Paris appeared to be increasingly in a neck-and-neck race. On 1 July 2005, Jacques Rogge, when asked who the winner would be, told the assembled press: "I cannot predict it since I don't know how the IOC members will vote. But my gut feeling tells me that it will be very close. Perhaps it will come down to a difference of say ten votes, or maybe less".[23]

On 6 July 2005, the final selection was announced at the 117th IOC Session in Singapore. Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New York and Madrid. The final two cities left in contention were London and Paris. At the end of the fourth round of voting, London won the right to host the 2012 Games with 54 votes, defeating Paris's 50.[24] The celebrations in London were short-lived, being overshadowed by bombings on London's transport system less than 24 hours after the announcement.[25]

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